Victorian London - Directories - Dickens's Dictionary of London, by Charles Dickens, Jr., 1879 - "TEL-TRA"

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Telegraph Department (Government Indo-European), 55, Parliament-street, S.W. NEAREST Railway Station, Westminster-bridge; Omnibus Routes, Parliament-street, Strand, Victoria-street, Westminster-bridge; Cab Rank, Palace-yard.

Telegraph Offices
are, as a rule, open from 8 am, to 8 p.m. on week-days, and from 8 a.m. to 10 am. on Sundays. At the following offices, however, there is attendance continuously during the day and night, both on weekdays and Sundays.
LONDON OFFICES. Central Telegraph Station, St. Martin’s-let-Grand, E.C.; Paddington Station (G.W.R. Co.’s office), W. ; St. Pancras (Midland), NW.; Victoria Station (LC. & D.R.), S.W.; West Strand, W.C.
COUNTRY OFFICES —England—Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff; Derby, Exeter, Hull, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle-on-Tyne, Norwich, Nottingham, Plymouth, Sheffield, Southampton.
TIME SIGNALS. —  1. For the hourly current within a radius of two miles from the General Post Office, including the use of the necessary wire, £15.  2. For any distance over two miles, the same rate added to the private wire rate for the wire over the extra distance.
The department undertakes to supply a time signal only where the existing postal telegraph arrangements will permit the work to be properly done.

Temple Club
, Arundel-street, Strand—Proprietary. No particular qualification. The election of members is by the managing committee; the election being by ballot, and one black ball in five excluding. Entrance fee £5 5s. Subscription: for town members, £5 5s.; for country members, that is, for members residing more than 30 miles from the club, £3 3s. and for officers on foreign service, £1 1s.

Thames Steam Ferry,
between Wapping and Rotherhithe (near Thames Tunnel), about 2 miles below London-bridge. The ferry-boats are 82 ft. in length and 42 ft. in width, and can accommodate twelve two-horse vans in addition to foot passengers, the carrying capacity being 50 tons. Opened by the Lord Mayor on October 30, 1877. To horses and vehicles a saving of 7 ½  miles in the double journey is effected by this new ferry, avoiding, at the same time, the crowded thoroughfares of the City. Open from 6a.m. to 8 p.m. Foot passengers, 1d. The Ferry is worked from each side every quarter of an hour.

Thames (The).—
The regulation of the Thames and its traffic is vested in the Conservancy Board (Tower-hill). Strict rules are issued as to in any way impeding any fairway of the river; the harbour master being empowered summarily to remove any vessel so offending, charging the owner with all costs. The by-laws for the navigation of the Lower Thames are too elaborate to be given here in detail; but every yachtsman entering the river should supply himself with a copy. The “rule of the road” is at present the same as that for vessels on the open sea; but this obvious absurdity seems likely before long to be removed. On the Upper Thames no steamer is allowed, between Teddington Lock and Cricklade to run at such a speed as to endanger any other boat, or injure the river bank. No one is allowed to ride or drive on the towing-path, to unload anything upon it, to place any vessel on the shore in front of it, or to take any stones, &c., from the banks. No vessel must remain in any lock longer than time enough to pass through, and if she pass without paying toll, the amount due can be demanded at any other lock before admitting her. No vessel—unless in case of necessity, through strength of current—is to be towed from the bank otherwise than from a mast of sufficient height to protect the banks, gates, &c., from injury. The lock tolls for pleasure boats are
For every steam pleasure-boat, not exceeding 35 ft. in length -/9
For every pleasure steamboat, exceeding 35 ft. in length, for every additional 5 ft. of length -/3 Class 1—For every pair-oared rowboat, skiff, outrigger, and company boat, and for every randan, canoe, punt, and dingey -/3
Class 2—For every four-oared row-boat -/6
Class 3.—For every row-boat, shallop, and company boat over four ours -/9
For every house-boat 2/6
The above charges to be for passing once through the lock and returning in the same day.
In lieu of the above tolls, pleasure steamboats or rowboats may be registered on the annual payment to the Conservators of the undermentioned sums, and pass free of any other charge
Per ann.
For every steam pleasure-boat not exceeding 35 ft. in length 40s.
For every additional number  of 5ft. 5s.
For every row-boat of Class 1 20s.
For every row-boat of Class 2 30s.
For every row-boat of Class 3 40s.
For every house-boat 100s.
In computing the tolls every number less than the entire numbers above stated is to be charged as the entire number.
Persons using any boat registered on an annual payment shall, at all times when required by any lock-keeper, produce the certificate of such registration, or pay the toll authorised to be taken from persons passing through locks in an unregistered boat ; and every boat registered for an annual payment shall have attached to it in some conspicuous place, and securely fixed to the satisfaction of the Conservators, a metal ticket to be issued by the Conservators, containing the number of such registration, and on the expiration of such registration the said ticket shall be returned to the Conservators.
Any person committing any breach of, or in any way infringing any of these by-laws, is liable to a penalty of  £5.
The tolls for the Conservators’ ferry-boats above Teddington-lock are:
For every horse not engaged in towing, taken across by ferry-boat, the sum of ....3d
For every carriage, waggon, cart, or other vehicle, in addition to the toll on the horse 3d
For every foot passenger 1d
THE FISHERY LAWS for the Lower Thames and Medway are highly elaborate, and on the whole, perhaps, somewhat obsolete; the only alteration apparently made in them since 1785 being the repeal, in 186o, of the sixteenth clause, forbidding “beating of the bush.” The previous clause appears to be still in force, and absolutely prohibits the taking at any time of the year “any sort of fish usually called whitebait!”
THE FISHERY LAWS for the Upper Thames were issued in 1869, and are to the following effect
Every net or engine is prohibited except—
1. A cast net not exceeding five yards in circumference, for obtaining bait only for angling, the sack or purse not more than 14 in. in depth.
2. The common drop round minnow net not exceeding 3 ft. in diameter.
3. A small landing net for securing fish taken in angling.
4. A hand net for removing fish from the well of a boat, or carrying fish after capture.
The fence seasons in the Upper River are
1. For salmon, salmon trout, and trout, from 10th September to the 31st March, both inclusive.
2, For pike, jack, perch, roach, rudd, barbel, bream, chubb, carp, tench, grayling, gudgeon, pope, dace, crayfish, bleak, minnow, and every kind of river fish, from 14th February to 31st May, both inclusive.
It shall not be lawful as regards the Upper River to use or have while on the Upper River, or near thereto, a prohibited net. To fish with unbaited hooks, or wire, or snare. To fish except between the beginning of the last hour before sunrise and the end of the first hour after sunset. To fish for or have in possession any fish within the fence season. To buy or sell any such fish. To fish for or wilfully disturb any fish when spawning. To wilfully take, destroy, or spoil any spawn, fry, or brood of fish. Penalty £5. And finally it is not lawful to take or kill any fish of the following kinds of less than the undermentioned sizes, measuring from the eye to the end of the tail: Pike, 12in. ; tench, 8in. barbel, 12 in. grayling, 9 in.; perch, 6 in., or any salmon of less than 4 lbs. or any salmon trout or trout of less than 1 lb. Penalty not exceeding £5.  
BOAT RACES, &c.—The rules for these, though differently worded, are practically the same for both portions of the river, and are to the effect that any vessel on the river on the occasion of any boat-race, &c., shall not pass thereon so as to impede or interfere with it, or endanger the safety of persons assembling on the river, or prevent the maintenance of order thereon; and the master of every such vessel shall observe the directions of the officer of the Conservators under a penalty not exceeding £5.
One of the pleasantest excursions from London is to Oxford, and thence back by the river, for which trip convenient boats can be hired at Salter’s boat-yard at Oxford, at Clasper’s at Wandsworth, or at Messenger’s Island at Kingston. The most convenient towns and villages on the river at which to put up when en route are Abingdon, Wallingford, Pangbourne, Caversham, Sonning, Wargrave, Henley, Medmenham, Marlow, Cookham, Taplow (Maidenhead), Windsor, Bells of Ouseley, Staines, Kingston, and Richmond. At Henley, Marlow, Taplow, Windsor, and Richmond there are several first-class hotels. At the other places named the accommodation is on a simpler scale; but visitors can make themselves sufficiently comfortable. The excursion may take from three days to a week in a rowing boat, but much less time of course is occupied if the steam launch, which plies between Kingston and Oxford, be taken. Naturally, however, this is not so pleasant a way of making the journey. The prettiest scenery on the river lies between Henley and Taplow. The “Rowing Almanack” may be referred to as an excellent guide to the Thames.

Thatched House Club.
St. James’s-street.—A social club with no political bias. The election of members is vested in an election committee of fifty. One black ball in five excludes. Entrance fee, £26 5s.; subscription, £10 10s.

Theatres.—
The following is a list of the ordinary prices of admission to the various theatres, with the separate entrances, when such exist, to the different parts of each house. In case of those the names of which are printed in capitals, the lessees have been good enough themselves to supply authentic information. The remainder of the table has been compiled with as much accuracy as possible. The opera houses are omitted, as the prices and arrangements for seating the audience vary according to the season …
[ click on the list of theatres to view the table]
ADELPHI
ALHAMBRA
BRITANNIA
COURT
CRITERION
Drury Lane
DUKES
EAST LONDON
E LEPHANT & CASTLE
FOLLY
GAIETY
GLOBE
GRECIAN
HAYMARKET
IMPERIAL
LYCEUM
MARYLEBONE
Olympic
OPERA COMIQUE
PARK
PAVILION
Philharmonic
PRINCE OF WALES’S
PRINCESS’S
Royalty
STANDARD
Strand
SURREY
VAUDEVILLE
VICTORIA

Tourist Agencies
have of late years assumed a rather important plane in the economy of London. The system was originally started by Messrs. Cook & Son, formerly of Leicester, now of Ludgate-circus and elsewhere. For some time they had a practical monopoly of the business, and the “Cook’s Tourist” has for years been a recognised feature of Continental travel. Messrs. Gaze & Son, who now divide the business with them, have not achieved quite so wide a notoriety, but provide the intending tourist with the same facilities, both for ordinary expeditions and for those joint stock journeyings known as “personally conducted parties.” A comparison of the books of fares issued by the two firms shows, that while a variation now and then occurs of a penny, or even a shilling, upon their respective charges for the hundreds of journeys for which they are prepared at a moment’s notice to furnish tickets, the prices are practically, and in most cases identically, the same. With regard to hotel coupons, those who can do with one meal of meat a day will find an economy in dealing with Messrs. Cook, whose charges on this basis are 8s. per diem. Those, on the other hand, who find their travelling appetites able to compass a second meat meal, will find it cheaper to take the coupons of Messrs. Gaze, whose daily charge of 8s. 6d. covers a dejeuner a la  fourchette, the extra charge for which, with  Messrs. Cook’s coupons is “about a franc.” It should be noted that Messrs. Gaze dispose of their coupons to all comers, Messrs. Cook only to those travelling with the tickets of the firm.  

Tower Hamlets Liberal Club
, 43 Beaumont-square, E. —The object of this club is to promote intercourse among the Liberals of the borough of the Tower Hamlets, to further the interests of the Liberal cause, and disseminate a thorough knowledge of Liberal politics. The candidate must be upwards of twenty-one. No entrance fee; members pay £5 5s.; honorary members £1 1s. per annum; ordinary members, 10s. per annum, or 2s. 6d. per quarter.  

Tower of London
— once a fortress, a royal residence, a court of justice, and a prison, is now a government storehouse and armoury, and an interesting show place for visitors. The most conspicuous part of the series of buildings enclosed by the moat is the White Tower, whose founder, tradition has it, was Julius Caesar. William the Conqueror was the authentic builder of the structure, which was subsequently improved upon by Henry III. Inside is the chapel of St. John, the most perfect specimen of Norman architecture in the kingdom. Surrounding the White Tower is a series of battlements now used for government purposes, flanked by a number of smaller towers, many of which are celebrated for the captives who have been imprisoned in them. For instance, in the Well Tower Queen Elizabeth was immured; in the Devereux Tower the Earl of Essex was confined; and in the White Tower Sir Walter Raleigh. In the Bloody Tower the two Sons of Edward IV. were murdered; and in Bowyer’s Tower Clarence is supposed to have been drowned in a butt of malmsey wine. The Beauchamp Tower was built probably by Henry III. The last executions took place after the rebellion of 1745, when Lords Lovat, Balmerino, and Kilmarnock were beheaded for high treason. The latest occupants of the Tower as state prisoners were Sir Francis Burdett, and the gang of ruffians known as the Cato-street Conspirators. The regalia or jewel-house is a show place, and contains the royal crowns and sceptres and other jewels, whilst in the armoury is as magnificent a collection of armour and weapons as there is extant. A gun outside the White Tower is worth notice. It is nearly eighteen feet long, and was cast by the Sultan Solyman the Magnificent for his intended invasion of India. The Tower is open free to the public on Mondays and Saturdays. On other days a fee of a shilling will pass the visitor to the regalia, the armoury, the Beauchamp Tower, and other points of interest. NEAREST Railway Stations, Aldgate (Metrop.) and Cannon-street (S. E.); Omnibus Routes, Fenchurch-street and Aldgate High-street; Cab Rank, Great Tower Street.  

Tower Subway
.—A curious feat of engineering skill, in the shape of an iron tube seven feet in diameter driven through the bed of the Thames between Great Tower-hill and Vine-street. The original intention was to have passengers drawn backwards and forwards in a small tram omnibus. This, however, was found unremunerative, and the rails having been taken up the tunnel has since been open as a footway. Unfortunately, however, after subtracting from its diameter the amount necessary to afford a sufficient width of platform, there is not much head-room left, and it is not advisable for any but the very briefest of Her Majesty’s lieges to attempt the passage in high-heeled boots, or with a hat to which he attaches any particular value. It has, however, one admirable quality, that of having cost remarkably little in construction. NEAREST Railway Stations, Aldgate (Metrop.) and Cannon-street (S.E.); Omnibus Routes, Aldgate High-street and Fenchurch-street; Cab Rank, Great Tower-street.  

Trade Organisations
. —The following are the principal trade organisations, with their objects and terms of subscription, according to official returns furnished, at the Editor’s request, by their respective secretaries. The Societies omitted are those from which his request for information has failed to elicit any reply.  
AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERS’ASSOCIATION, 7, Westminster-chambers, Victoria-street—This is an Association formed for the furtherance of the interests of Agricultural Implement Makers.  
AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF ENGINEERS, MACHINISTS, MILLWRIGHTS, SMITHS AND PATTERN MAKERS, 90, Blackfriars-road. —Terms of Membership: Entrance fee according to age. Contributions, 1s. per week. Houses of Call for the Trade in London: “Nag’s Head,” Wandsworth-road; “Queen Victoria,” Blue Anchor-road; “Eagle” Tavern, East India-road, Poplar; “Duke of Cambridge,” Devon’s-road, Bromley; “White Hart,” Cheyne-walk, Chelsea Lord Palmerston, Henry-street, Deptford; “Guilford Arms,” Guilford-road; “Prince of Wales,” Dalling-road, Hammersmith;  “Rothbury Arms,” Matilda street Islington; “Waterman’s Arms,” Paris-street, Lambeth; “Peacock” Tavern, Francis-street, Westminster-bridge-road; “Queen’s Head” York-square, Commercial-road “Crown,” Rhodeswell-road, Limehouse, E.; “Windsor Castle” City-road, EC.; “Prince of Prussia,” Great Prescott-street, Whitechapel; “Ship” Tavern Vauxhall-bridge-road; “Royal Standard,” Frederick – street, Hampstead-road; “Anchor and Hope,” West Ferry-road; “Chippenham Hotel,” Chippenham-road; “Mitre,” Broadwall, New Cut, “Britannia” Tavern, Southwark Bridge-road “Yorkshire Grey” High-street, Stratford; “Silver Tavern,” Burdett-road, Limehouse; “Stag Inn,” Wandsworth road; “Ordnance Arms,” Barking - road; “Edinbro’ Castle” Samuel-street “Sussex Arms” Plumstead-road; “Lord Raglan” Burrage-road, Plumstead. The object of this society is to raise from time to time, by contributions among the members thereof, funds for the assistance of its members when out of work; for the purpose of mutual support in case of sickness, accident, superannuation, emigration, and for the burial of members and their wives. AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF RAILWAYSERVANTSOI’ ENGLAN IRELAND, SCOTLAND AND WALES, Head Offices, 306, City-road Terms of Membership: Trade-union entrance fee, 2s. ; contributions, 3d. to 4d. per week, which includes superannuation of 5s. per week to old and disabled members; optional sick and burial fund contribution, from 3 ½ d. to 8d. per week, according to class and age. There are 23 branches held London and suburbs, but the association does not desire the places of meeting published. All formation can be obtained from the head offices as above. Object: ‘To improve the condition of all classes of railway servants; to provide temporary assistance to members thrown out of employment; to provide legal assistance when necessary in matters pertaining to the employment of members; to provide superannuation for old and disabled members; to secure compensation to railway servants killed or injured by accidents occurring during the ordinary course of their employment, and to which they do not by their own neglect materially contribute; to use every effort to provide for the safety of railway-work and of railway travelling; to provide a fund for the relief of members in sickness or temporary disablement and for the respectable interment of diseased members; and also to provide for the orphans of members who have been killed.  
BRASS AND COPPER TRADES’ PENSION INSTITUTE, 32, Frederick-street, Gray’s-inn-road, WC. —Subscription: Minimum per annum, 5s.; minimum life, £2 2s. Object: To grant pensions to aged and infirm members of the trade, male or female, and to the widows of such as have been subscribers.  
BRITISH IRON TRADE ASSOCIATION, 7, Westminster-chambers.— This is an association formed for the purpose of furthering the commercial interests of the iron trade.  
BUSINESS PURCHASERS’ PROTECTION ASSOCIATION, 1, Blooms-bury-ct, High Holborn— Terms of Membership: £1 1s. for three months. Formed for the purpose of assisting its subscribers in selecting and purchasing hotels, taverns, beer and coffee houses, cigar, fancy, and other businesses, and to protect them from imposition and unjust practices.  
CENTRAL ASSOCIATION OF MASTER BUILDERS, 27, King-street Covent garden—Terms of membership: - Must be proposed and seconded by members of the association, after application to secretary in writing.  
CREDITORS MERCANTILE ASSOCIATION, 1, Gresham-buildings, Basinghall-street. —Subscription: £2 2s. per annum. Object: To protect the interests of trade creditors.  
CREDIT PROTECTION ASSOCIATION FOR THE LEATHER TRADES, 10, Old Jewry-chambers.  
CREDIT PROTECTION ASSOCIATION LIM. (LEATHER TRADES), 11, Old Jewry-chambers.--- Subscription: £3 3s. per annum.  
ENGLISH AND FOREIGN SHIP OWNERS’ PROTECTION ASSOCIATION, 18, John-street, Minories.  
GENERAL COURIERS’ SOCIETY (established 1851), 12, Bury-street, St. James’s.—Subscription: Members, who must be couriers, are elected by ballot, and pay an entrance fee and an annual contribution. Object: The maintenance of a home, and for assisting members to employment; and also to furnish travellers with competent and trustworthy couriers and travelling servants.  
GENERAL SHIP OWNERS’ SOCIETY, 12, St. Michael’s-alley.— Subscription:Voluntary. Object. To watch over the interests of British ship owners.  
HAVANA CIGAR BRANDS ASSOCIATION, 15, Old Jewry-chambers.—Subscription: Manufacturers £10 10s.; importers, £3 3s.; retailers, £1 1s. Object: To protect the brands of Havana cigars from colourable and spurious imitation.  
LINEN AND WOOLLEN DRAPERS, SILK MERCERS, LACE MEN, HABERDASHERS, AND HOSIERS’ INSTITUTION, 43, Finsbury-square. — Subscription: Annual, £1 1s. to £3 10s.; life, £10 10s to £36 10s. (according to member’s age at joining). Object: To afford pecuniary assistance to sick or necessitous members, to widow and orphan children of members funeral expenses, and medical and surgical advice and attendance for members when required.  
LONDON MERCANTILE ASSOCIAITION, 156 Cheapside.— Subscription: £5 5s. per annum Object:  For protection of traders and prosecution of persons guilt of criminal offences  
LONDON SOCIETY OF COMPOSITORS, 3, Racquet-court, Fleet-street. — Subscription: 7d. per week. Object: To maintain the scale for compositors’ work mutually agreed upon by masters and men. The society also gives assistance to its unemployed members, and has funeral emigration and superannuation funds, and affords assistance to travelling printers. It has also a well-selected library of over 7,000 volumes for the use of the members and their families at their own homes.  
LONDON WHOLESALE TRADE ASSOCIATION, 446, West Strand (Meetings are held in Mincing-lane Sale Rooms). Terms of Membership:  £2 2s. per annum. Object: The maintenance of a standing committee, who at empowered to call public meetings of the trade when deemed necessary, and to take such action as the protection of the interests of the trade may from time to time require.  
MASTER BOOT AND SHOE MAKERS’ PROVIDENT AND BENEVOLENT INSTITUTION, Mansion House Chambers, 11, Queen Victoria-street. — Subscription: From 10s. 6d. upwards. Object: For the purpose of providing an asylum for aged and decayed master boot and shoe makers and their widows, and for granting relief to such persons by way of annuity.
MERCANTILE ASSOCIATION, 54, Moorgate-street. — Subscription: £10 10s., £15 15s., and £21. Object: For obtaining information tending to avoid bad debts. For relieving the members from the great loss of time and expense occasioned by bad debts. For recovering debts due to the members, &c.
METROPOLITAN BEER AND WINE TRADE ASYLUM AND BENEVOLENT FUND, 9, King-street, Finsbury-square—Terms of membership: 10s. per annum; life subscription, £5 5s., or by paying seven annual sums of £1 1s. The asylum is situate at Nunhead-green, Peckham.
METROPOLITAN BEER AND WINE TRADE PROTECTION SOCIETY, 9, King-street, Finsbury-square.— Subscription: 10s. per annum: life subscription, £5 5s. Object: To protect the trade when its interests are affected by any proceedings in parliament, to collect useful information, available to subscribers, on points connected with the law affecting the trade, &c.
METROPOLITAN DAIRYMEN’S BENEVOLENT INSTITUTION, 446, West Strand.—Terms of membership: Subscribers of 10s. 6d. are entitled to one vote, and one additional vote for each 10s. 6d. subscribed. Donors of £5 5s., one vote for life, and one additional vote for each additional donation of £5 5s. A life vote is offered to every member who obtains £21 by his own personal exertions. Collecting cards for this purpose can be had upon application to the secretary. Founded December 4, 1874. Object: For the relief of aged and infirm members of the trade and their widows by pension or otherwise: supported by voluntary contributions. Funded property, £1,300. Six pensioners, at £13 per annum.
METROPOLITAN DAIRYMEN’S SOCIETY, 446, West Strand.— Terms of membership: 10s. 6d. per annum. Object: The advancement of the interests of the milk trades especially by taking every possible means to prevent the adulteration of milk. The formation of a benevolent fund for deserving aged or infirm members of the milk trade. The doing all such other lawful things as are incidental or conducive to the attainment of the above objects. Incorporated according to Act of Parliament, October 24th, 1876.
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BRITISH AND IRISH MILLERS, 69, Mark-lane. — Subscription: £1 1s. per annum. Object: The promotion and protection of the interests of the milling trade.
NATIONAL CHAMBER OF TRADE, 446, West Strand —Terms of individual membership: Subscribers of £2 2s. per annum and upwards are eligible for the general committee. Subscribers of £1 1s. per annum and upwards are eligible for trade committees. Life donation, £10 10s. Any other donation optional in amount. Terms of affiliation for branch associations and local committees: A subscription of 1s per member. The minimum subscription, 20s. per annum for associations of less than twenty members. Object: To watch over and secure the interests of traders, whether imperilled by social combinations or legislative measures, and to promote, by Parliamentary influence, such amendments in the law affecting commercial interests as from time to time may seem desirable.
NURSERY AND SEED TRADE ASSOCIATION, 14, Henrietta-street, Covent-garden.—Object: To protect and promote the trade and business of nurserymen, florists, and seedsmen in the United Kingdom and abroad; to collect and disseminate information calculated to protect the members of the association (as nurserymen, florists, seedsmen, and others interested in horticulture) from fraud ; to arrange for the speedy and economical collection of debts due to members; the establishment of unity amongst those interests in the welfare of the nurse and seed trade; the encouragement of the interchange of opinions on questions of importance relating to such trade. For the individual protection of members there are the three following departments: A department for the collection of debts; a department for making trade inquiries and for the dissemination of information generally useful to members; a department for investigating matters in bankruptcy liquidation. Amounts collected by the Society are paid to the creditors on Tuesday in each week. The subscription, which is £1 1s. per annum, dates from the 1st January in each year, and is payable in advance.
PHONETIC SHORTHAND WRITERS’ ASSOCIATION, 160a, Aldersgate-street.—Terms of membership: Entrance fee, 1s. ; subscription, 3s. per quarter. Candidates examined at the rate of 50 words per minute.
PRINTERS’ PENSION, ALMSHOUSE, AND ORPHAN ASYLUM CORPORATION, Gray’s-inn-chambers, 20, High Holborn. Subscription: Annual, 5s. and upward life, £2 2s. and upwards—these sums each conferring one vote. Object: Providing pensions and free residence for aged and infirm printers and widows, also for aged daughters of printers, and the maintenance and education of orphan children of printers.
ROYAL AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY OF ENGLAND, 12, Hanover square. — Subscription: Annual —The subscription of a governor is £5, and that of a member £1, due in advance on the 1st of January of each year, and becoming in arrear if unpaid by the 1st of June. For life - Governors may compound for their subscription for future years by paying at once the sum of £50 and members by paying £10. Governors and members who have paid their annual subscription for twenty years or upwards, and whose subscriptions are not in arrear, may compound for future annual subscriptions, that of the current year inclusive, by a single payment of  £25 for a governor and £5 for a member. No governor or member can be allowed to enter into composition for life until all subscriptions due at the time shall have been paid. Governors or members not resident in the United Kingdom will be required on election to pay the life composition, in each case for annual subscriptions. Object To embody such information contained in agricultural publications, and in other scientific works, as have been proved by practical experience to be useful to the cultivators of the soil. To correspond with agricultural, horticultural, and other scientific societies, both at home and abroad and to select from such correspondence all information which according to the opinion of the society, may be likely to lead to practical benefit in the cultivation of the soil. To pay to any occupier of land, or other person who shall undertake, at the request of the society, to ascertain by any experiment how far such information leads to useful results in practice, a remuneration for any loss that he may incur by doing. To encourage men of science in their attention to the improvement of agricultural implements, the construction of farm buildings and cottages, the application of chemistry to the general purposes of agriculture, the destruction of insects injurious to vegetable life, and the eradication of weeds. To promote the discovery of new varieties of grain and other vegetables useful to man, or for the food of domestic animals. To collect information with regard to the management of woods, plantations, and fences, and on every other subject connected with rural improvement. To take measures for the improvement of the education of those who depend upon the cultivation of the soil for their support. To take measures for improving the veterinary art, as applied to cattle, sheep, and pigs. At the meetings of the society in the country, by the distribution of prizes, and by other means, to encourage the best mode of farm cultivation and the breed of live stock. To promote the comfort and welfare of labourers, and to encourage the improved management of their cottages and gardens.
SHIPMASTRRS’ SOCIETY, Jeffrey’s-square, St. Mary-axe-— Subscription: Entrance fee and annual subscription (amount not stated) from members of the mercantile marine, who must be British-born subjects. Object: The mutual protection and advancement of the general interests of its members (but without power to entertain any question in dispute between a shipmaster and his owners), and for the following purposes: To defray such legal expenses as the Committee of management may think it advisable to incur in the interests of its members, subject to the rules, whether in watching any legal proceedings which may, in the opinion of the committee of management, involve the interests of one or more of its members, or in affording legal assistance to such of its members as may have to appear in any court of law, or in appointing or paying agents at any port to represent this society. To defray the whole or part of any expenses of or incidental to any effort made by the committee of management, or by any person or persons at the request of the committee of management, or by their authority to watch over and represent the interests of its members on any proposed alteration of the law or further enactment, or upon the making or sanctioning of any rules or bye-laws in pursuance of any statute. To provide either by building or renting, upon lease or otherwise, suitable premises in which the members of the society may daily meet together for the interchange of nautical experience and for the purpose of discussing matters affecting the general interests of its members, either in co-operation with other similar societies or alone. To provide such furniture, books, periodicals, publications, and other things as the committee of management may deem to be necessary for the use of its members.
SILVER TRADE PENSION SOCIETY, 52, Frederick-st, Gray’s. inn-road, W.C. — Subscription: Minimum per annum, 5s.; minimum life, £2 2s. Object: To grant pensions to aged and infirm members of the trade, male or female, and to the widows of such as have been subscribers.
TEA DEALERS AND GROCERS’ ASSOCIATION, 446, West Strand.— Terms of membership: £1 1s. per annum. Object: The defence and promotion of trade interests. A register for assistants is kept at the office.
THE MERCANTILE ASSOCIATION, 54, Moorgate-street. Subscription: Annual. Object: For avoiding and recovering bad debts.
VELLUM (ACCOUNT-BOOK) BINDERS’ SOCIETY, 17, Devonshire-square, Bishopsgate-street.— Subscription: 6 ½ d. per week and fines. Object: To find employment for members; to assist them when out of employment; to give pensions to aged members; and to pay a sum of money (according to membership) to the widow, nearest of kin, or nominee, at death.
WEST END MASTER BOOT-MAKERS ASSOCIATION, 446, Strand.—Terms of membership 10s. 6d. per annum. Object: F or mutual protection against strikes and the promotion of trade interests.
WOOLLEN TRADES’ ASSOCIATI0N, 11, Old Jewry-chambers.— Subscription: £3 3s. per annum.